Centre for Shariah Reference in Islamic Finance - Pusat Rujukan Shariah Bagi Kewangan Islam

 

Shariah Resolutions 1997-2010

 

 
Foreword by Governor of Bank Negara Malaysia
Foreword by Chairman of Shariah Advisory Council of Bank Negara Malaysia
Shariah Advisory Council of Bank Negara Malaysia
Members of the Shariah Advisory Council of Bank Negara Malaysia (1997 – 2010)
Introduction
PART 1: SHARIAH CONTRACTS
IJARAH
1.         Application of al-Ijarah thumma al-Bai` in Vehicle Financing
2. Assignment of Liabilities in al-Ijarah thumma al-Bai`
3. Ownership Status of Ijarah Asset
4. Termination of Ijarah Contract
5. Issuance of Bank Negara Negotiable Notes Based on Ijarah Concept
6. Ijarah Contract with Floating Rental Rate
7. Absorption of Costs Associated with Ownership of Asset in Ijarah
8. Liability of Lessee over Third Party’s Asset
9. Lessee’s Priority to Purchase Asset in the Event of Default in Rental Payment
11. Utilisation of Third Party’s Asset Acquired Through Mudarabah Contract as Underlying Asset in Issuance of Sukuk Ijarah
12. Application of Ijarah Mawsufah fi al-Zimmah Concept in Financing for House under Construction Based on Musyarakah Mutanaqisah
13. Deposit Payment in Islamic Hire Purchase
14. Utilisation of Third Party’s Asset Acquired Through Sale Concept in Issuance of Sukuk Ijarah
ISTISNA`
15. Project Financing Based on Istisna` with Pledging of Conventional Bond
MUDARABAH
16. Islamic Negotiable Instrument of Deposit Based on Mudarabah
17. Application of Mudarabah Contract in Current Account Product
18. Mudarabah Investment Certificate as Security
19. Profit Equalisation Reserve
20. Administrative Costs in Mudarabah Deposit Account
21. Intra-Day Transaction as an Islamic Money Market Instrument
22. Indirect Expenses
23. Assignment of Weightage
24. Practice of Islamic Financial Institutions in Transferring Mudarabah Investment Profit to Customer to Avoid Displaced Commercial Risk
25. Third Party Guarantee on Liability of a Mudarib’ s Counterparty in Mudarabah Transaction
26. Mudarib’ s Guarantee on Liability of His Counterparty in Mudarabah Joint Venture
27. Capital Contribution by Mudarib in Mudarabah Joint Venture
28. Third Party Guarantee for Capital and/or Profit in Mudarabah Transaction
MUSYARAKAH
29. Financing Products Based on Musyarakah
30. Financing Based on Musyarakah Mutanaqisah
31. Application of Wa`d as a Mechanism in Dealing with Customer’s Default in Financing Based on Musyarakah Mutanaqisah
QARD
32. Qard Principles in Islamic Finance
33. Liquidity Management Instrument Based on Qard
34. Combination of Advance Profit Payment Based on Qard and Murabahah Contract
RAHN
35. Two Financing Facilities Secured by an Asset
36. Dealing with a Charged Asset
37. Conventional Fixed Deposit Certificate as Security in Islamic Financing
38. Islamic Debt Securities as Collateralised Asset
39. Sale of Collateralised Asset in the Event of Default by Financing Receiver to Pay the Financing Amount to Financier
40. Profit Accrued from Collateralised Asset Throughout Charge Tenure
TAKAFUL
41. Takaful Model Based on Tabarru` and Wakalah
42. Application of Musahamah Concept in Commercial General Takaful Plan
43. Retakaful Business Model Based on Wakalah - Wakaf
44. Takaful Coverage for Islamic Financing
45. Takaful Coverage for Conventional Loans
46. Takaful Coverage for Conventional Credit Card Product
47. Retakaful with Conventional Insurance and Reinsurance Company
48. Retakaful Service Fee as Income for Shareholders Fund
49. Co-Takaful Agreement
50. Segregation of Takaful Funds
51. Imposition of Management Fee on Takaful Participants’ Contribution
52. Distribution of Surplus from Participants’ Risk Fund
53. Distribution of Investment Profit from Participants’ Investment Fund and Participants’ Risk Fund
54. Provision of Reserve in Takaful Business
55. Mechanism to Overcome Deficit in Participants’ Risk Fund
56. Hibah in Takaful
57. Nomination Based on Hibah under Takaful Scheme
58. Principle of Utmost Good Faith in Takaful
59. “Insurable Interest” in Takaful
TAWARRUQ
60. Deposit Product Based on Tawarruq
61. Financing Product Based on Tawarruq
62. Sukuk Ijarah and Shariah Compliant Shares as Underlying Asset in Tawarruq Transaction
63. Application of Tawarruq in Sukuk Commodity Murabahah
64. Proposed Operational Model of Commodity Murabahah House (Now Known as Suq al-Sila` )
WADI`AH
65. Adaptation ( Takyif ) of Wadi`ah Yad Dhamanah as Qard
WAKALAH
66. Application of Wakalah bi al-Istithmar in Deposit Product
BAI` DAYN
67. Repurchase of Negotiable Islamic Debt Certificate
68. Sale of Debt Arising from Services
BAI` `INAH
69. Application of Bai` `Inah in Issuance of Negotiable Islamic Debt Certificate
70. Application of Bai` `Inah in Islamic Interbank Money Market
71. Application of “Sale and Buy Back” Contract
72. Conditions for Validity of Bai` `Inah Contract
73. Stipulation to Repurchase Asset in Bai` `Inah Contract
PART II: SUPPORTING SHARIAH CONCEPTS
HIBAH
74. Hibah in Interbank Mudarabah Investment Contract
75. Application of Hibah in the Contract of al-Ijarah thumma al-Bai`
76. Hibah in Wadi`ah Contract
77. Hibah in Qard Contract
IBRA’
78. Ibra’ in Islamic Financing
79. Two Forms of Ibra’ in a Financing Agreement
80. Ibra’ in Home Financing Product Linked to a Wadi`ah or Mudarabah Deposit Account
TA`WIDH AND GHARAMAH
81. Imposition of Ta`widh and Gharamah in Islamic Financing Facilities
82. Imposition of Compensation on a Customer who Makes Early Settlement
83. Method of Late Payment Charge on Judgment Debt
PART III: ISLAMIC FINANCIAL PRODUCTS
FINANCIAL DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS
84. Spot and Forward Foreign Currency Exchange Transactions
85. Islamic Profit Rate Swap Based on Bai` `Inah
86. Forward Foreign Currency Exchange Transaction Based on Bai` Mu’ajjal
87. Foreign Currency Option Based on Hamish Jiddiyyah, Wa`d and Tawarruq
88. Foreign Currency Option Based on Wa`d and Two Independent Tawarruq Transactions
ISLAMIC CREDIT CARD
89. Islamic Credit Card Based on Bai` `Inah and Wadi`ah
90. Islamic Credit Card Based on the Concept of Ujrah
91. Takaful Cover for Islamic Credit Cardholders
92.       Cash Back Rebate on Credit Card Annual Fee
93. Islamic Credit Card Based on the Concepts of Wakalah and Kafalah
HYBRID PRODUCTS
94. Current Account Product Based on Wadi`ah Yad Dhamanah and Mudarabah Contracts
95. Deposit Product Based on Mudarabah and Qard Contracts
96. Deposit Product Based on Wadi`ah and Mudarabah Contracts
97. Financing Product for House under Construction Based on Istisna` Muwazi , Ijarah Mawsufah fi al-Zimmah and Ijarah Muntahia bi al-Tamlik
SUKUK BASED ON BAI` BITHAMAN AJIL (BBA)
98. Mudarabah Interbank Investment as Underlying Asset in a Deferred Payment Sale
99. The Existence of Underlying Asset Throughout the Sukuk Maturity Tenure
100. Bidding Methods for the Sukuk BBA
PART IV: SHARIAH ISSUES IN RELATION TO THE OPERATIONS OF SUPPORTING INSTITUTIONS IN ISLAMIC FINANCE
CREDIT GUARANTEE CORPORATION (M) BERHAD
101. Shariah Concept for the Operation of Islamic Guarantee Facility by Credit Guarantee Corporation
102. Guarantee on the Sale Price
DANAJAMIN NASIONAL BERHAD
103.Shariah Concept for the Operation of Guarantee Facility by Danajamin Nasional Berhad
104. Capital Segregation in the Operation of Danajamin
105. Scope of Danajamin’s Guarantee on Sukuk
106. Guarantee on the Obligation Arising from Purchase Undertaking
107. Late Payment and Additional Recourse Charge
108. Ownership of Underlying Asset in Sukuk Based on Ijarah Contract
MALAYSIA DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION
109. Shariah Concept for the Operation of Islamic Deposit Insurance
110. Commingling of Funds Contributed by Islamic and Conventional Banking Institutions in Deposit Insurance
111. Guarantee Limit for Islamic Banking Deposits by PIDM
112. Definition of Term “Deposit” in Islamic Deposit Insurance
113. Status of PIDM’s Claim Against Depositors’ Claim in the Event of Winding up of an Islamic Banking Institution
114.Application of Muqasah in Islamic Deposit Insurance
NATIONAL MORTGAGE CORPORATION (CAGAMAS)
115.Mortgage Guarantee Facility
PART V: SHARIAH ISSUES IN ISLAMIC FINANCE
WINDING UP OF ISLAMIC BANKING INSTITUTIONS
116. Priority of Depositors in Recovering Deposit in the Event of Winding Up of an Islamic Banking Institution
117. Surplus Sharing Post Liquidation and Payment of Claims between Islamic and Conventional Banking Funds
118. Status of Conventional Fund Placed in Mudarabah Special Investment Account in the Event of Winding Up of Banking Institutions
ACCOUNTING AND REPORTING STANDARDS IN ISLAMIC FINANCE
119.Method for Profit Distribution
120. Method for Revenue Recognition
121. Application of “Substance over Form” Principle in Islamic Finance
122. Application of Probability Principle
123. Application of Time Value of Money Principle
OTHER MATTERS
124. Deposit or Customer’s Investment Fund from Doubtful Sources
125.Financing to a Party Who Explicitly Performs Non-Shariah Compliant Activities
126.Application of Conventional Overdrafts to Cover Insufficiency in Wadi`ah Current Account
127. Commitment Fee on Unutilised Balance of Islamic Overdraft Facility or Revolving Credit
128.Islamic Financial Instrument as Underlying Asset in Conventional Transaction
129.Financial Market Instruments as Underlying Asset in Deferred Transaction
130. Mechanism in Determining the Amount of Settlement Price in Financial Market
131.Restructuring and Rescheduling in Islamic Financing Agreement
132.Bidding Concept by Principal Dealer in Islamic Money Market
133. Financing Settlement Through New Financing
134. Undetermined Sale Price in Sale and Purchase Agreement
135.Underlying Concept for Islamic Block Discounting Transaction